(‘Walkers’, Peripatetics, Aristotelians)

Islamic Philosophy. . 2007.

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  • Peripatetic philosophers — (mashsha’un)    See Aristotle; philosophy …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • Ibn Sina, Abu ‘Ali al-Husayn — (370–428/980–1037)    Born near Bukhara, Ibn Sina – or ‘Avicenna’, as he was known to the Latins – may very well be the most important and influential thinker, not just of the Neoplatonic Aristotelian (mashsha’i) school of Islamic philosophy in… …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • psychology —    The understanding and proper care or development of the human soul (nafs) is a matter of great concern within the Islamic philosophical tradition. It is a topic on which Qur’anic revelation and Greek philosophy intersect in provocative but… …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • Aristotle — (Aristutalis, Aristu) (384–322 bce)    In the Islamic tradition, Greek philosophy is virtually synonymous with the name of Aristotle, who was traditionally known as both ‘the Philosopher’ and ‘the First Teacher’. Indeed, one of the most… …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • al-Dawani (or al-Dawwani), Jalal al-Din — (830–908/1426–1502)    Al Dawani is most famous for his Persian ethical treatise, Lustres of Illumination on the Noble Virtues (Lawami‘ al ishraq fi makarim al akhlaq), more commonly known as the Jalalean Ethics (Akhlaq i Jalali). Ironically this …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • philosophy — (falsafa; hikma)    Falsafa is an Arabic neologism for the Greek word philosophia, meaning ‘love of wisdom’. The derivation of this term points to the profound initial influence of Greek thought upon Islamic philosophy, due to the eastern… …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • al-Suhrawardi, Shihab al-Din Yahya —    [Persian: Sohravardi] (549–587/1154–91)    Within the Islamic philosophical tradition, al Suhrawardi’s status is perhaps second only to Ibn Sina. Although he was notoriously executed at the age of thirty eight (on the orders of the Ayyubid… …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • Al-Farabi — Muslim scholar Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī[1] Title The Second Teacher[2] …   Wikipedia

  • François Bernier — (1625 ndash;1688) was a French physician and traveler, born at Joué Etiau /Anjou. For 12 years he was the personal physician of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.His 1684 publication Nouvelle division de la terre par les différentes espèces ou races… …   Wikipedia

  • СУХРАВАРДЙ —     СУХРАВАРДЙ Шихаб ад Дйн Йахйа, ас (1154, Сухравард, Северо Западный Иран 1191, Алеппо) арабо мусульманский философ, представитель ишракизма. К имени ас Сухравардй добавляют “ал мактул” (убиенный), а желая указать на его статус фактического… …   Философская энциклопедия